Strategies for writing a good conclusion in Writing Task 2

Most IELTS test takers know that a conclusion is an important part of essay writing, but what many don’t know is that a conclusion is not just a quick summary of the information presented in the essay. A good conclusion helps to emphasize the importance of the writer’s main points, while providing the reader with a sense of closure.

When writing a closing paragraph for your Writing Task 2 essay, there are a few things that you should do (or avoid) in order to make your conclusion a more effective one. So let’s look at some strategies that can help you to make a positive final impression on your Writing Task 2:

Strategy 1: Refer back to the introductory paragraph

You may want to think of your introduction and conclusion as two pieces of the same puzzle, as they should be closely linked.Return to the idea(s) that you introduced in your introduction, but add further insight obtained after writing the body of your essay.

Strategy 2: Summarize your essay’s main arguments

It’s important that you provide a brief summary of your essay’s main points in your conclusion. However, avoid simply repeating things by showing the examiner how the arguments you made and the supporting details you used fit together.

Strategy 3: Avoid repetition

When summarizing the main points in your essay, make sure you do so in ‘fresh’ language. In other words, vary your language so that you don’t repeat the same words and sentence structures again and again. This will help you to show the examiner a wider range of vocabulary and grammatical structures.

Strategy 4: Give your own opinion

You will always be asked to give your opinion in your Writing Task 2 essay. If by the time you get to your final paragraph you realize that you haven’t given your opinion, make sure you include it in your conclusion.  

Strategy 5: Do not introduce a new argument 

Make sure you do NOT raise new points in your conclusion. Remember that your closing paragraph is where you bring closure to your reader, not where you introduce new ideas.

Now that we looked at strategies for writing an effective conclusion, let’s see how these strategies work together to bring an essay into a cohesive end. Notice how we’ve included a Sample Writing Task 2 prompt and a sample introduction from our previous post on strategies for writing a good introduction.

Sample Writing Task 2 prompt

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy.

The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. 

Write at least 250 words.

Sample introduction

Nuclear technology has been around for many years. Whether this technology is used for weapons of mass destruction or as a source of energy, many are of the belief that the use of nuclear energy has more advantages than disadvantages. In my opinion, nuclear technology can indeed be a very efficient energy source. However, nuclear weapons possess such enormous destructive power that any benefits that this technology may offer to humankind are not enough to counter its potentially devastating effects. This essay will address why the drawbacks of nuclear technology outweigh the benefits and will include relevant examples to support this position.

Sample conclusion

Nuclear technology is extremely dangerous. Even though nuclear weapons have only been used twice, on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, evidence from these actions, as well as from nuclear accidents such as the Chernobyl disaster,are irrefutable proof of the disastrous effects of nuclear technology. Even in the absence of nuclear accidents, nuclear power inevitably produces radioactive waste, which is severely damaging to our bodies. Our best protection against these dangers is to simply not use nuclear technology. Instead, we should look for alternative ways to produce sustainable energy and to achieve world peace through spreading a message of tolerance, kindness and non-violence.

By reviewing the essay’s main points (i.e. the destructive power of nuclear weapons, the disastrous consequences of nuclear disasters, and the harmful effects of radioactive waste), the writer reminds the examiner of the strength and importance of their main arguments, while showing how these points fit nicely with the examples provided. To finish, the writer highlights their proposed course of action, which helps to end the essay on a more positive note. 

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