Prepare for IELTS with these 6 easy steps
If you have booked your IELTS Test, but aren't sure where to start with your preparation, read on for 6 easy steps to get your IELTS prep off on the right foot.
1. Which IELTS Test do you need?
The IELTS Test you need to take will depend on whether you plan to work, study or migrate to an English-speaking country.
If you are planning to study in higher education or seek professional registration in an English-speaking country, then you will most likely need to take the IELTS Academic Test .
On the other hand, take IELTS General Training if you plan to study in higher education, seek vocational training or want to migrate to Australia, New Zealand, Canada or the UK.
And exclusive to the UK, take IELTS Life Skills if you need to:
- Apply for a family of settled person visa
- Apply for an extension to a family, spouse of partner visa
- Apply for indefinite leave to remain or citizenship
- Study at undergraduate or post-graduate levels in the UK
- Apply for professional registration in the UK
Our IELTS Life Skills page goes into detail as to which IELTS Life Skills Test might apply to you based on your circumstances.
2. Familiarise yourself with the test
Once you have narrowed down which IELTS Test you need to take, get familiar with it - from the test format to test parts and question types to expect. This will help you be in the best spot to succeed in your IELTS Test.
The IELTS Test is made up of four parts - Speaking, Reading, Listening and Writing. Each part of the IELTS Test has tasks associated with it.
In your first step, you will need to find out what is IELTS , the skills that are tested and what do the IELTS results mean. Once you have a fair idea about IELTS, you should decide which test is best for you, Academic or General Training.
3. Learn about the question types
Both the Academic and General Training IELTS Test is made up of 4 test parts - Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. The question types in each part of the test are different.
Have a read of the IELTS preparation course materials to understand what type of questions you might be given, and the time assigned to completing each part of the IELTS Test. And download the free practice tests to put it all into practice.
4. Understand the band scores
Your IELTS results are reported as band scores , which scale from a Band 0 to a Band 9. Each band score has a band descriptor which explains what English-language skills the examiner will be looking for in your IELTS Test.
It's a good idea to familiarise yourself with what each score means and the marking criteria examiners which examiners mark against. Make sure you understand these descriptors and break down your preparation accordingly.
Watch our How is IELTS scored? video for a quick introduction.
5. Study and set goals
It is important to study for your IELTS Test so make using English leading up to your test a habit. Setting simple study goals can help you get ahead when preparing for IELTS.
Some goals you might want to consider:
Familiarise yourself with the band scoresEach band score has a set of defined marking criteria. IELTS Examiners use these criteria to assess your English-language skills. Knowing exactly what an examiner looks for in a Band 7 across Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing can help you set up the best possible study plan.
Asses your English SkillsKnowing where you stand within the band scores will help determine where you need the most improvement. IELTS Progress Check is a mock test which gives you indicative band scores for each part of the IELTS Test. And being marked by IELTS Examiners, gives you an idea of where you stand on the band score scale.
Make English a habitPracticing in English every day can make a big difference. Setting aside as little as 5 minutes a day can go a long way - something as simple as reading English news stories, writing a letter to a friend or watching English-speaking movies can make a big difference.
Set up a study planPut aside some time each day to practice the 4 parts of the IELTS Test. Set aside time for tasks that can help you improve - such as:
- Read English newspapers, books, journals, advertisements and books
- Listen to English-speaking audiobooks, podcasts, radio and music
- Speak to colleagues, friends and family in English
- Learn a new word every day or week and practice using it in a sentence
6. Know what to expect on test day
To ease some of those pre-test nerves, get to know what to expect on your test day . Some things to keep in mind:
- Arrive early to allow time to register and be seated for your test
- Check in your personal belongings such as phones, books and notes
- Bring your personal identification which is needed for the check-in process
Add these 6 steps to your IELTS preparation plan and you will be in a better spot to get the IELTS band score you need.